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What is a Bunion on Your Foot?

As the premier provider of bunion surgery services in Scottsdale, AZ, Arizona Foot is dedicated to helping patients find relief from the discomfort and pain associated with bunions. Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, are a common foot condition that occurs when the joint at the base of the big toe becomes enlarged, causing the big toe to angle inward towards the other toes.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is a bony protrusion that develops on the side of the foot, near the base of the big toe. This condition occurs when the big toe joint becomes misaligned, causing the toe to angle inward towards the other toes. Over time, the constant friction and pressure on the joint can lead to the development of a bunion.

Bunions are a progressive condition, meaning they tend to worsen over time if left untreated. In the early stages, a bunion may appear as a small, painless bump on the side of the foot. As the condition progresses, the bunion can become increasingly painful, swollen, and inflamed, making it difficult to wear shoes comfortably or perform everyday activities.

What Causes Bunions?

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of bunions, including:

Genetics: Bunions can often run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition to the condition.

Foot structure: Certain foot types, such as a long, narrow foot or a low arch, may be more prone to bunion formation.

Improper footwear: Wearing tight, narrow, or high-heeled shoes can put excessive pressure on the big toe joint, leading to the development of a bunion.

Injury or trauma: A previous injury to the foot or ankle can also increase the risk of developing a bunion.

Arthritis: Certain types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can cause the joints in the feet to become inflamed and misaligned, leading to bunion formation.

Diagnosing and Treating Bunions

You can see a doctor if you have an idea that you might be suffering from a bunion. He should be one of those professionals who are good in feet and with specialization in ankles as well, like Dr. Kris DiNucci, DPM FACFAS, the AZ Foot’s expert on bunions. At your first appointment with him, Dr. DiNucciwould does a detailed examination that may also involve taking images such as x-rays to determine the size of your bunion and work out the best way to cure it.

Bunion Treatment Options

Depending on the severity of your bunion and the underlying cause, Dr. DiNucci may recommend one or more of the following treatment options:

  1. To manage the condition, in its early stages one can use methods such as putting on correct shoes, bunion pads or splints and stretching and strengthening exercises which are conservative treatments.
  2. The pain and swelling that comes with bunions can be reduced by using either over-the-counter or prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs.
  3. Asteroid injection may be used to relieve pain and inflammation of the involved joint for a short term.
  4. If other non-invasive treatment options have been tried without success, Dr DiNucci might suggest a surgical intervention that involves realignment of joint and excision of the bone prominence called bunion surgery which is good because it has got long lasting effects on the patient by relieving him from bunion discomfort and pain.

Bunion Surgery Recovery Time

The recovery time for bunion surgery can vary depending on the complexity of the procedure and the individual’s healing process. In general, patients can expect to wear a cast or surgical boot for several weeks following the surgery, with a full recovery typically taking 2-3 months. During this time, patients may need to use crutches or a walker to help with mobility and avoid putting weight on the affected foot.

Bunion Surgery Aftercare

After bunion surgery, it is important to follow Dr. DiNucci’s post-operative instructions carefully to ensure a successful recovery. This may include:

  • Resting the foot and keeping it elevated to reduce swelling
  • Wearing the cast or surgical boot as directed
  • Performing gentle exercises and stretches to promote healing
  • Avoiding high-impact activities until the foot has fully healed
  • Wearing appropriate, supportive footwear during the recovery process

By working closely with Dr. DiNucci and the team at Arizona Foot, patients can expect to experience a smooth and successful recovery from bunion surgery, ultimately achieving long-lasting relief from bunion pain and discomfort.

FAQs about Bunions

  1. What are the symptoms of a bunion?

The main symptoms of a bunion include a bony protrusion on the side of the foot, near the base of the big toe, as well as pain, swelling, and redness in the affected area.

  1. Can bunions be prevented?

While it’s not always possible to prevent bunions, wearing properly fitted, supportive shoes and avoiding high-heeled or narrow shoes can help reduce the risk of developing this condition.

  1. Is bunion surgery painful?

Bunion surgery can be a bit painful, but Dr. DiNucci and the team at Arizona Foot will work closely with you to manage your pain throughout the recovery process.

  1. How long does it take to recover from bunion surgery?

The recovery time for bunion surgery can vary, but most patients are able to return to their normal activities within 2-3 months of the procedure.

  1. Can bunions come back after surgery?

In some cases, bunions can recur after surgery, but this is relatively rare. Dr. DiNucci will work with you to reduce the risk of recurrence and ensure the long-term success of your bunion treatment.


At Arizona Foot, we are dedicated to providing exceptional bunion treatment and care to our patients in Scottsdale, AZ. Led by the experienced Dr. Kris DiNucci, our team works closely with each individual to develop personalized solutions that address the root cause of bunions and deliver long-lasting relief. Don’t let bunions impact your quality of life – contact Arizona Foot today and take the first step towards healthier, happier feet.


Dr. Kris Dinucci